Selected Research and Publications

Solid research is a cornerstone of our work.

The first step in a campaign to shift corporate behaviour often involves identifying the exact size, scope and nature of the problem we're working to change, and pinpointing a company's potential to change its behaviour in a way that would have significant impacts on forest protection or climate pollution. Over the past 15 years, we have worked with more than 90 clients on hundreds of investigative research projects. We also regularly contribute to and commission reports, which are included below and listed by author.

Although the vast majority of our research is confidential, we’ve also contributed to some publicly available reports for clients, as well as publications for our own campaigns. In the last year, our Stand campaigns have tracked supposedly-recyclable Starbucks cups from a coffee chain straight to the Denver landfill, uncovered shocking air pollution levels on the deck of Carnival's cruise ships, and made connections between air pollution impacts around the world and the coal used to power Levi's factories.

Download a selection of our research and publications below.

28 Jan 2020
This shocking new report comes as the shipping sector grapples with its enormous climate footprint, and more ship operators are turning to LNG as a purported climate solution.  LNG is being hailed as a climate solution by many in the shipping industry. But a new report from the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) has found that the most popular Liquef
19 Oct 2019
We ranked the climate commitments of 45 top fashion companies. We wanted to answer the question: which brands are leading on climate and which are still wearing last season's greenwash?'s new report and scorecard ranks companiesthat are all part of the Sustainable Apparel Coalition, the UN Fashion Industry Charter for Climate Action, or the G7 Fashi
08 Oct 2019
In the lead-up to the Canadian federal election, we analyzed the climate plans for the four major political parties.'s research reveals that none of the parties’ platforms do enough to stop the expansion of the oil and gas industry. The report assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the climate plans for the Conservative Party, the Green Party,
16 Sep 2019
The public has a right to know what construction for the Trans Mountain Pipeline will look like and what the social and ecological impacts will be. A new investigative report by reveals how the Canadian federal government faces bigger construction challenges than previously thought and calls into question the three-year construction timeline for the project. 
20 Feb 2019
Tissue companies are exacerbating the world’s climate crisis by using zero recycled content in their toilet paper. “The Issue with Tissue” takes the largest tissue companies to task for destroying North American forests. Procter & Gamble, Kimberly-Clark, and Georgia-Pacific use zero recycled content in their at-home toilet paper, instead relying on ancient trees
24 Jan 2019
More than 30 million people worldwide are expected to go on a cruise in 2019. These cruise passengers and staff may be exposed to concerning levels of air pollution that could impact their health. A new investigative report released today details the shocking findings of a two-year study exposing extremely poor air quality on four Carnival Corporation ships that can be w
09 Dec 2018
Oil and gas emissions in Canada are rising. Yet oil and gas companies in Canada continue to delay Canada’s climate plan, reap more federal subsidies, and continue to increase oil production. According to the report "Canada's Oil and Gas Challenge" by and Environmental Defence, the current growth trajectory for oil and gas production
25 Apr 2018
STAND.EARTH REPORT – Levi’s Pollution, the Booming Fashion Industry, and its Role in Deaths from Air Pollution and Climate Change. In July 2018, Levi’s made a commitment to reduce 40% of greenhouse gas emissions in its supply chain by 2025, setting a new standard on climate commitments in the apparel industry. The contents of this report have been updated to reflect Levi’s com
13 Jun 2017
Most people reasonably believe Starbucks cups are recyclable. We assume a cup tossed in a recycling bin will get recycled and turned into a new paper product. In fact, the ubiquitous white Starbucks paper coffee cup cannot be recycled because it is lined with plastic, which means that it cannot be recycled in standard paper recycling facilities.  Stand.ear
18 Nov 2016
REPORT FOR OCEANA – We authored this report after a three month analysis of fishing practices in the lucrative Mediterranean swordfish market. After finding that illegal fishing was potentially widespread, Oceana used our research to advocate for the adoption of a recovery plan for the depleted and Mediterranean swordfish. A recovery plan was adopted by the EU in 2018.